After the Civil War Thesis and Outline Part After the civil war, the American industrialization boosted the socioeconomic and political life of the US citizens. After the end of the civil war, there was a paradigm shift in the industries. The industries adopted machine labor instead of hand/manual labor, which was prevalent in many places in the US. The shift to machine labor enhanced effectiveness and efficiency in the production processes of various industries. As a result, industrialization was boosted and productivity improved. Economic activities increased and the American economy improved.
Geography was a major factor in the American industrialization between 1865 and 1920. In this regard, industrialization was high in the North America region than the South America region (Boyer, 2011). In the North, growth in industrialization accompanied growth of many cities. The growth in the cities encouraged rural-urban migration of many American citizens.
Entrepreneurship enabled many American to utilize the opportunities that arose from industrialization. For instance, the massive production of consumer goods was an opportunity for people to devise ways of differentiating products in order to gain returns. According to Dubofsky (2006), Americans indulged in the establishment of retail business to supply the products produced in bulk. The product supply chain enhanced the value of products.
Legislative representation changed during the industrial revolution period. The restructuring led to the control of many American corporations by the business class rather than the political class. The move led to liberalism in the product markets because there was a creation of a free market economy. The business class lobbied for many members in the House of Representatives to advocate for bills that could improve the economy of the nation.
The industrialization era affected the group because of racial prejudices. The Native Americans discriminated the American Indians. The group settled in the American soil in search of resources such as land. Intermarriages between the Native Americans and the Indians did not guarantee the parties the right to the use of American resources.
Middle- class workers
The industrialization process negatively affected the middle class group. According to Scranton (2010), the middle class people lost lucrative business of consumer goods because the era led to flooding of the markets with consumer products. The monopolistic advantage for the group was lost. As a result, there was a loss of revenue and source of livelihood for the group.
Lower- Class Workers
Industrialization affected the lower class group because of loss of jobs. The massive production of goods and services led to the demand for more machine operators than hand laborers. The paradigm shift in the production process led to the laying-off of many hand laborers.
Farmers abandoned farming to seek white-collar jobs in the cities. However, farmers benefited from the industrialization because of the production of fertilizer, which boosted their crops. The Americans practiced slavery in many farms in North America region.
The New Middle Class
The new middle class is the group, which resulted from the industrialization process. Only a few of the new middle class possessed the skills required in the new industrial processes. However, the group had to spend a long time learning their respective jobs within the industries.
Hand-machine labor shift
Consumer goods abundance
Loss of jobs
Reduction in self-reliance
Boyer, P. S. (2011). .The enduring vision: A history of the American people. Boston: Wadsworth
Dubofsky, M. (2006). .Industrialism and the American worker, 1865-1920. Wheeling, Ill: H.
Scranton, P. (2010). .Endless novelty: Specialty production and American industrialization, 1865
– 1925. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press.