Please answer all the questions in scenario 1 and scenario 2


Required Textbook(s) 
Hitner, H., Nagle, B. T., Kaufman, M. B., Ariel, H., & Peimani-Lalehzarzadeh, 
Y. (2022). Pharmacology: An introduction (8th ed.). McGraw-Hill. 
ISBN-13: 9781260021820 


Scenario 1

J.B, a 28 year old female is in the pre-op unit waiting for her knee replacement surgery. J.B voices to the nurse that she is feeling very anxious. J.B is going to receive general anesthesia for her surgery.

  1. What are the stages of anesthesia? (USLO 3.1)
  2. Explain the difference between local and general anesthesia? (USLO 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4)
  3. What are the advantages/disadvantages of each? (USLO 3.3, 3.4, 3.6, 3.8)
  4. What are the patient teachings or therapeutic considerations for general anesthesia? (USLO 3.8)
  5. Explain special considerations for local anesthetic use. (USLO 3.3, 3.6, 3.8)


Scenario 2


An 82-year old woman who resides in a nursing facility is admitted to the hospital with pneumonia. She has a history of agitation and is ordered the antipsychotic haloperidol. 1. How do antipsychotics work? What neurotransmitter is greatly affected by antipsychotics? (USLO 4.1, 4.2) 2. When you assist the patient up you notice muscle rigidity and shuffling gait. What is the patient experiencing? Explain the characteristics of this syndrome. How is it treated? (USLO 4.3) 3. What are the major side effects and adverse effects seen with haloperidol? (USLO 4.3, 4.4) 4. What is included in education for a patient taking antipsychotics? (USLO 4.3,4.4)


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