By the second half of the nineteenth century, Latin American countries were able to focus on projects of nation building after liberal governments regain political power. Once national governments secured political stability, they concentrate in modernizing endeavors employing the resources their booming economies provided. It is in this historical context, that both Argentina and Peru received an increasing number of immigrants from the Old World. However, these two immigrant groups differed not only because of their origin, but in how they inserted into the societies that received them. How was the treatment that European immigrants received in Argentina? How their experiences differed from those of the Asian immigrants that arrived in Peru? Why these two groups were received or/and treated so differently? What were the cultural and scientific reasoning behind these contrasting experiences? For instructions on how to write a good and clear History paper refer to the Tips and Resources for writing at the Department of History website: https://history.fiu.edu/tutoring/resources-for-writing-in-history/ Materials: All materials are available in Canvas Readings: David Hollet, More than Precious Gold. The Story of the Peruvian Guano Trade. (Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2008) Walter Nugent, Crossings. The Great Transatlantic Migrations, 1879 – 1914. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992) Virginia Garrard, Peter V. N. Henderson, and Bryan McCain, Latin America in the Modern World. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019) Websites: Argentina’s Immigration Offices and Statistics, 1857-1903 Chinese in Peru in the Nineteenth Century A History of the Peruvian Guano Video: World’s Bird Poop Obsession Put a creative title to your paper. This should have a clear and strong thesis statement, which goes at the end of the introduction paragraph. Provide examples from the materials provided. You must cite your references and include a bibliography at the end of your paper in Chicago Style. https://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide/citation-guide-1.html Use Arial or Times New Roman fonts, 12pts, double-spaced. Paper extension, 1200 words (between 1150 and 1250 words).