Explain the pathophysiology of Type1 and Type 2 diabetes

A 20 year old patient has been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes and is asking about the disease:

  1. Explain the pathophysiology of Type1 and Type 2 diabetes.
  2. Explain the differences between insulin resistance and lack of insulin.
  3. What are the long term effects of uncontrolled diabetes, and how does it cause damage to tissues.
  4. Describe hypoglycemia, it’s causes, and the consequences that can occur.
  5. Describe hyperglycemia, it’s causes, and the consequences that can occurr.
  6. List 10 bulleted points on how you will advise the patient to manage the disease, and prevent complications.