From the readings and your own research, discuss the evolution of epidemiology in public health. Choose 1 of the following key pioneers in the field, and discuss his influence and contribution to epidemiology in public health:
- John Graunt
- Edward Jenner
- Lemuel Shattuck
- Edwin Chadwick
- John Snow
- Louis Pasteur
- Robert Koch
Respond to other students who chose a pioneer different from the one you chose, and discuss how the contributions of both relate to each other. Show either how one paved the way or how one built on the work of those before him.
Choose a disease or health condition Determine a local jurisdiction on which you would like to concentrate (city, township, county, or state). Examine the epidemiology of the chosen disease, reviewing its history and trend, comparing the national trend to the chosen local jurisdiction. Describe the local jurisdiction (population and demographics). This will be the introduction
2–3 pages in length and APA-formatted with in-text citations and references
A component of your final project is to complete a needs assessment of your target population pertaining to the disease or health issue for which you are proposing the need for an intervention or prevention program. A component of the needs assessment is to describe the disease or health issue to demonstrate the need. Using the epidemiologic triad of people, time, and place, provide a descriptive analysis of the health issue and the impacted population.
For data on your chosen disease or health issue, review the following data sources:
- CDC Wonder
- Community Commons (You have to register for this one, but it is free.)
- U.S. Census Bureau (This is good for demographic data.)
- County Health Rankings
Describe the disease in terms of the following:
- People: Demographics of those impacted (age, race/ethnicity, gender)
- Time: The time period of the data you are reviewing (5–10 years, 1 year, etc.)
- Place: Built environment and other environmental factors
Represent the data in graphs, charts, and tables as relevant, accompanied by a brief explanation.
Describe the morbidity, mortality, incidence, and prevalence rates of the data. Describe differences in terms of age, race/ethnicity, and gender. Which age group, race, or gender seems to be most impacted by the morbidity and mortality data? What were the morbidity and mortality trends for the time period observed (5 or 10 years depending on the data)?