The first major issue is territorial and the question of land. At its very core, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict is a conflict over land. a tiny sliver of land, semi-arid and dry, bordering the Mediterranean Sea and roughly the size of New Jersey (Central Intelligence Agency 2008). The second major issue is the juxtaposition of Israeli and Palestinian identities. competing nationalisms which were at odds decades before the establishment of the modern state of Israel. It is these two core issues, disputed land, and competing nationalisms, which are fundamental to the conflict and which must be tackled with vigor if one seeks to resolve the crisis. Any solution aimed at resolving the Arab-Israeli conflict must address the issues of land, competing nationalisms (a Palestinian state must be established), the status of Jerusalem must be resolved and Israel must be guaranteed existence of peace and security. Only when each of these highly complex issues is addressed will we see a resolution to the Arab-Israeli conflict (Gelvin 2005). A variety of theoretical paradigms have grown out of the Middle East in recent times. . Arab nationalism and Islamism are political and social theories which seek to address the particular concerns facing the Arab world. . Islam is a world religion which is one of the three great monotheistic religions and has its heart in the Middle East. . . While each is important, Arab nationalism is waning and Islamism remains a potent force in the post-Cold War world (Khater 2004). .