Provide a 13 pages analysis while answering the following question: The History of the Great Wall of China. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. The Great Wall, which is translated in Chinese as Chang Cheng was originally constructed to provide protection to the Chinese farmers from the marauding nomadic raiders who raided villages for food.
The history of the Great Wall dates back to long before 221BC when people settled in vast China territory. The settlers adopted two main lifestyles. Farming and Nomadic lifestyles. According to ONeill (18), the farmers planted crops and grains such as wheat, millet, and barley. They also kept animals such as sheep and dogs. After the harvest, the farmers stored surplus food in their granaries, enabling them to have food throughout. even when the growing season was over. Due to their farming activities, the farmers were stationed in one place. On the other hand, the nomads traveled the land in search of food for themselves and pasture for their animals. Farmers’ villages became an attractive location for the nomads to get food because farmers had stores of grains. As a result, nomads began invading the villages to take food. Invasion by the nomads and other neighbors caused the farmers to group themselves in villages and develop mechanisms of protecting themselves against the raiders. This led to the creation of walls. The walls may not have effectively keep raiders away, but it gave farmers time to defend themselves or run for safety. As time went by, the walls grew in length and height with the growing villages. The walls then extended to various parts of China and walls came to be known as the main method for the defense to different parts and regions in ancient China.
Third, the path on the top of the wall acted as a transportation corridor. The people who built the Great wall used the road on top of the wall to carry supplies and soldiers use the road to patrol the border. The fourth reason was that it acted as a border control mechanism. This is evident when it was later used to control emigration and immigration. .