Contemporary Biology Module 13

Question 1

 

 

Overview

Every day we hear about cancer in the news, we also read about it in the newspapers and online. People at work and even at home talk about it. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. However during the years 1975 to 2012 the risk of dying from cancer in the United States decreased. This decrease could have been due to the ability to identify cancer in early stages and treat it before it spread through the body. So, it is important to know about it right? In this module, we will learn how cells and cancer cells function, what are their similarities and differences, etc. Did you finish reading the chapter in the online book? I recommend you do that first, then let’s take a look at the next information. 

Instructions:

Open a Word document.  Write your name and title the document Module 13. There are four (4) parts to this assignment. DO NOT COPY AND PASTE– this needs to be your original work. 

Part 1

In your own words: Answer the following questions under Part 1 on your Module 13 Word document.

 List the five (5) most common cancer types in the USA (list them in order by most deaths per year to less deaths per year), include estimated death units. NIH: National Cancer Institute: Common Cancer Types

Also, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) what are the three most common causes of cancer worldwide?

Answer the next questions: why is it important to screen individuals with abnormalities suggestive of a specific cancer?, and write two examples of screening methos described in this page World Health Organization: Cancer

Name at least three genes that researchers have discovered that are associated with cancer formation? Write the name of each of the three genes you have selected and list the cancers associated with mutations found on those genes. (National Cancer Institute)

Part 2

Using these two references, answer the following questions under Part 2 in your Module 13 Word document

How do cancer cells behave differently from healthy ones?  3:50 (YouTube) (NEED TO REPLACE YOUTUBE VIDEO)

Cancer Cells vs. Normal Cells: How Are They Different? article – verywellhealth

Explain how normal cells and cancerous cells behave differently.

Write an analogy for tumor suppressor genes (Example: Tumor suppressor genes are like brakes of a car, when they don’t function well the car can’t stop the velocity and gets out of control. Mutated tumor suppressor genes make cells grow out of control) 

Part 3

Using the following reference answer these questions under Part 3 in your Module 13 Word document.

Animated Introduction to Cancer Biology 12:07 (YouTube) (NEED TO REPLACE YOUTUBE VIDEO)

What is the function of proto-oncogenes?

Leukemia is a type of blood cell cancer in which a tumor suppressor gene is mutated.

Google or use the UNT library’s website  to find information about this disease in a scientific journal, book or webpage.

Find a research paper that indicates the name of the proto-oncogene and oncogene responsible for uncontrolled cell proliferation in Leukemia.

Write on your Word document the name of the proto-oncogene or oncogene described in the paper. Also indicate the correspondent type of Leukemia.

Use the American Psychological Association style or APA style to write this citation (Reference).

Provide also the link of your reference. Without the link, Part 3 will not be graded.

Part 4

Using the following reference answer these questions under Part 4 in your Module 13 Word document:

Decoding Cancer Interactive Lessons

This is an interactive lesson. In this lesson you will meet Steve and Nikki. Their Mother has been diagnosed with cancer. You will help them with their questions. 

Using the site provided above, go to “lesson plans” and click on “What is cancer? – Interactive lesson”

Review the power points and get to know Nikki, Steve and their questions.

Under Part 4 in your Module 13 Word document write a paragraph of no more than 150 words that answers the questions found on slides: 18, 20, 21.

 

 

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